在英语中使用形容词

在英语中,无论名词的性别和数量为何,都不会改变形容词的型态。

举例
  • This is a hot potato.
  • Those are some hot potatoes.

若要强调或加强形容词的意思,就在形容词前加上 very 或 really 等副词来强调它的程度。

举例
  • This is a very hot potato
  • Those are some really hot potatoes.

形容词通常会放在要修饰的名词前面。

举例
  • The beautiful girl ignored me.
  • The fast red car drove away.

形容词也可以放在状态动词和感官动词后,像是 to be丶to seem丶to look 以及 to taste 等。

举例
  • Italy is beautiful.
  • I don't think she seems nice at all.
  • You look tired.
  • This meat tastes funny.

例外情况

在某些固定用语中,形容词会放在动词后。

举例
  • The Princess Royal is visiting Oxford today.
  • The President elect made a speech last night.
  • He received a court martial the following week.

如 involved丶present 和 concerned 等形容词可以放在其修饰的名词前或后,但摆放的位置也会影响整体上的意思。

举例
形容词置于名词后 意思 形容词置于名词前 意思
I want to see the people involved. 我想看到与此事有关联的人。 It was an involved discussion. 这场讨论很缜密。
Here is a list of the people present at the meeting. 这是参与会议的名单。 The present situation is not sustainable. 目前的情况持续不了。
I need to see the man concerned by this accusation. 我需要看到那位被控告的男人。 A concerned father came to see me today. 今天有位忧心忡忡的父亲来找我。