确定性副词

确定性副词会透露讲话者对某件事的确信度。确定性副词会出现在主要动词前,但如果主要动词是 Be 动词时则放在后面。这类副词有 certainly丶definitely丶probably丶undoubtedly丶surely 等。

举例
  • He definitely left the house this morning.
  • He surely won't forget.
  • He is probably in the park.
  • He is certainly a smart man.

如果有助动词,确定性副词就会放在助动词和主要动词之间。

举例
  • He has certainly forgotten the meeting.
  • He will probably remember tomorrow.
  • He is definitely running late.

有时这类副词也可以放在句首。

举例
  • Undoubtedly, Winston Churchill was a great politician.
  • Certainly, I will be there.
  • Probably, he has forgotten the meeting.

当确定性副词 surely 放在句首,就表示讲话者认定某件事是真实的,但期望得到确认。

举例
  • Surely you've got a bicycle.
  • Surely you're not going to wear that to the party.