使用 each 和 every

each 是将群体视为个体,而 every 则是将群体视为一个个的成员。这些分配词后面只能接可数名词,而且通常是单数名词。在多数情况下,两者都可以互换。

举例
  • Each child received a present.
  • Every child received a present.
  • I gave each plant some water.
  • I gave every plant some water.

each 可以接复数名词和复数代词,但中间必须加 of。every 则不能接复数名词。

举例
  • Each of the children received a present.
  • I gave each of the plants some water.
  • He told each of us our jobs.
  • I gave each of them a kiss.

every 可以表达连续的事物,尤其常用于表达时间。each 也有这样的用法,但较不常见。

举例
  • Every morning John goes jogging.
  • This magazine is published every week.
  • I have my coffee here every day.
  • I go visit my mother each week.
  • Each Monday, he buys a kilo of apples.