一般将来时

一般将来时的作用

一般将来时涉及现在以后的时间,以及表达事实或肯定性。在这种情况下,并没有所谓的「态度」。

一般将来时用于:

  • 预测未来的事:
    It will rain tomorrow.
  • 以「I will...」或「We will...」来表达自发性的决定:
    I'll pay for the tickets by credit card.
  • 表达意愿:I'll do the washing-up.
    He'll carry your bag for you.
  • 在否定句中表达不愿意:
    The baby won't eat his soup.
    I won't leave until I've seen the manager!
  • 用「Shall I...?」的疑问句来表示提议:
    Shall I open the window?
  • 用「Shall we...?」的疑问句来表示建议:
    Shall we go to the cinema tonight?
  • 用「Shall I...?」的疑问句来询问建议或指示:
    What shall I tell the boss about this money?
  • 以「You will...」来表示命令:
    You will do exactly as I say.
  • 在疑问句「Will you...?」来表示邀请:
    Will you come to the dance with me?
    Will you marry me?

注:在现代英语中,will 比 shall 更广为使用。shall 主要与第一人称( I 或 we)连用来表达提议或建议,或询问建议(请参考以上例句)。而通常只有在文学或诗中,才会看到 shall 与其他人称 (you, he, she, they) 连用的例子,例如:"With rings on her fingers and bells on her toes, She shall have music wherever she goes."

一般将来时的构成

一般将来时是由两个要素组成:will / shall + 不带有 to 的不定词

主词 will 不带有 to 的不定词
肯定句
I will go
I shall go
否定句
They will not see
They won't see
疑问句
Will she ask?
否定疑问句
Won't they try?
缩写

I will = I'll
We will = we'll
You will = you'll
He will = he'll
She will = she'll
They will = they'll
Will not = won't

「it will」通常不会用缩写。

一般将来时,以 to see 为例

肯定句 否定句 疑问句 否定疑问句
I will see I won't see Will I see? Won't I see?
*I shall see   *Shall I see?  
You will see You won't see Will you see? Won't you see?
He will see He won't see Will he see? Won't he see?
We will see We won't see Will we see? Won't we see?
*We shall see   *Shall we see?  
They will see They won't see Will they see? Won't they see?

*shall 是过时的用法;但在特定的情况下,以第一人称(I 或 we) 为主词的疑问句或否定句上,使用 shall 会比 will 来得更普遍(请参考以上例句)。