疑问句改为转述句

字词顺序

一般转述疑问句的字词顺序是将主词调到动词前,而且不必再使用 do 或 did:

举例
直述句 转述句
"Where does Peter live?" She asked him where Peter lived.
"Where are you going?" She asked where I was going.
"Why is she crying?" He asked why she was crying.
Yes/No 问句

这类问句会用 ask + if / whether + 子句来转述:

举例
直述句 转述句
"Do you speak English?" He asked me if I spoke English.
"Are you British or American?" He asked me whether I was British or American.
"Is it raining?" She asked if it was raining.
"Have you got a computer?" He wanted to know whether I had a computer.
"Can you type?" She asked if I could type.
"Did you come by train?" He enquired whether I had come by train.
"Have you been to Bristol before?" She asked if I had been to Bristol before.
疑问词

这类问句会用 ask(或其他类似 ask 的动词)+ 疑问词 + 子句来转述。子句含问句的内容,动词要移到最后面,并在必要时改变动词的时态。

举例
直述句 转述句
"What is your name?" he asked me. He asked me what my name was.
"How old is your mother?", he asked. He asked how old her mother was.
The policman said to the boy, "Where do you live?" The policeman asked the boy where he lived.
"What time does the train arrive?" she asked. She asked what time the train arrived.
"When can we have dinner?" she asked. She asked when they could have dinner.
Peter said to John, "Why are you so late?" Peter asked John why he was so late.