选择正确的量词

在回答「How much」和「How many」的问句时,有些量词要接可数名词(如 friends丶cups丶people),有些则要接不可数名词(如 sugar丶tea丶money),也有几种是可以接所有类型的名词。

只接不可数名词 可接所有类型的名词 只接可数名词
a little no, none, not any a few
a bit of some a number of
  any several
a great deal of a lot of, lots of a great number of
a large amount of plenty of a large number of
举例
  • Would you like some tea and a few cookies?
  • I always put a little milk and some carrots in my soup.
  • He has several apples. I don't have any fruit at all.
  • She has plenty of clothes for the winter.
  • I recieved a large amount of feedback from my survey.
much 和 many 的用法

much 和 many 主要用在疑问句和否定句上。在肯定句和否定句上,这些量词也会和 too 和 so 一起连用。注意:many 这个字可以单独用在肯定句,而 much 却不能。在肯定句中,much 会被 a lot of 或 lots of 取代(这些措辞也可取代 many)。

不可数名词 可数名词
How much sugar do you have? How many people came to the concert?
There's not much sugar at the store. Not many people came to the concert.
I have too much sugar at home. There were too many people at the concert.
I don't know what to do with so much sugar. It's a problem when there are so many people.
I wish there was not so much sugar here. There were not so many people last year.
There is a lot of sugar in candy. There are many people who want to come. = There are a lot of people who want to come.