即刻的将来

型态

当我们谈的是「即刻的将来」时,可以用一种句型,其包含三个要素:
依照主词做现在式的词形变化 + about + 主要动词的不定词

主词 + to be + about(或 just about) + 不定词
I am about to be sick
They are about to arrive.
It is just about to explode.
即刻的将来,以 to leave 为例
肯定句 否定句 疑问句 否定疑问句
I am about to leave. I am not about to leave. Am I about to leave? Am I not about to leave?
You are about to leave. You are not about to leave. Are you about to leave? Aren't you about to leave?
He is about to leave. He is not about to leave. Is he about to leave? Isn't he about to leave?
We are about to leave. We aren't about to leave. Are we about to leave? Aren't we about to leave?
They are about to leave. They aren't about to leave. Are they about to leave? Aren't they about to leave?

作用

此句型用来论及讲话时片刻之后的事,强调某件事很快就会发生。

举例
  • She is about to cry.
  • You are about to see something very unusual.
  • I am about to go to a meeting.
  • We are just about to go inside.
  • Sally is just about to jump off that diving board.

若谈论的是过去即将发生丶但被打断的事,也可以将此句型的现在式 Be 动词改为一般过去时的 Be 动词。这样的句型通常后面会接一个以「when」引导的子句。

举例
  • She was about to leave when Jim arrived.
  • When it started to rain, I was about to go out for a walk.
  • I was just about to call her when she walked in.
  • The car was just about to flip over when he regained control.