用 going 表达将来

型态

当我们用有 going 的词组来谈论将来,这样的形式是由三个要素组成:
Be 动词依主词做词形变化 + going + 主要动词的不定词

主词 + to be(依主词做词形变化) + going + 不定词
She is going to leave.
I am going to stay.
肯定句
He is going to jog.
否定句
He is not going to jog.
疑问句
Is he going to jog?
否定疑问句
Isn't he going to jog?

作用

用 going 来论及将来的事,表示这件事与现在有很紧密的联系。表达的事情是根据现在已知的事,确切时间并不重要,只透露是将来会发生的事。going 主要用来论及计画和意图,或根据现在的迹象来做预测。在日常谈话上,特别是美式英语,going 常被缩减为「gonna」,但绝对不能用在正式书写上。

用 going 表达计画和意图
举例
  • Is Freddy going to buy a new car soon?
  • Are John and Pam going to visit Milan when they are in Italy?
  • I think Nigel and Mary are going to have a party next week.
  • We are going to have dinner together tomorrow.
  • Aren't you going to stay at the library until your report is finished?
用 going 表达预测
举例
  • He's going to be a brilliant politician.
  • I'm going to have a hard time falling asleep.
  • You're going to be sorry you said that.
  • Is it going to rain this afternoon?
  • Aren't they going to come to the party?