特征的比较

在对两种事物的特徵做比较时,我们会用到一套标准规则。

特徵相等时

要比较两个具有相等特徵的事物非常简单,我们会用这样的公式来表达:

as + 描述特徵的形容词 + as

举例
  • Tom is as tall as his brother.
  • I am as hungry as you are.
  • Sally is as nice as Jane.
特徵不相等时

如果两个特徵不相等,可以用以下三种句型来表达,无论用哪一种,意思都是差不多的。

第一种:

 

not as + 描述特徵的形容词 + as

 第二种:

less + 描述特徵的形容词 + than:这种句型会频繁地用在某些形容词。

第三种:

形容词比较级 + than:此结构需要改变词组的顺序,或用相对的形容词来表达。

举例
  • Mont Blanc is not as high as Mount Everest.
  • Mont Blanc is less high than Mount Everest.
  • Mont Blanc is lower than Mount Everest.
  • Mount Everest is higher than Mont Blanc.
  • Norway is not as sunny as Thailand.
  • Norway is less sunny than Thailand.
  • Thailand is sunnier than Norway.
  • Norway is cloudier than Thailand.